The genealogy of churns has been interesting to study. In collecting information over these years one learns of many companies dabbled in making butter churns. Most likely there were several thousand plus companies that in some way lead to the making of Butter Churns after the 1700's and up into nearly the mid 1900's. Several of us serious churn collectors have did research at our respective State Libraries doing patent research. This research is time consuming but does give a lot of information. Collectively we have found from our research that something like 30/35 churns were recorded in the Patent files per year. Some of the earliest patents we found in the mid 1860's and continued into the 1940's. This would have led to something well over 2000 churn patent entries by estimate. With something like 600 pages per book it would take several volumes of books just tot record these entries. So I hope that you see the emority of what could be found if a complete research was done. We often get requests on specific churns by name and or description. We find ourselves rather handicapped with our lack of knowledge of you specific churn. I hope you can see that this would be a big project to have a file on each and every one that was ever produced. Our documentation shows that there were wooden churn makers in the New England States about that time. Unfortunately these type of information is hard to come by and even harder to get any current documentation on. One of the early companies was Blanchard Churn Co., probably of Nashua NH. There is some information that these Blanchard churns were also made at other locations. Around the Civil War times and after, the UNION churn company was pretty well evident. Most of these that we can find are of a wooden three legged type that had a lot of documentation on the sides of the wooden body. We suspect and have records of foreign type churns that were imported into our early colonies and most of these were of some wooden type construction, mostly the tall tapered wooded slatted sided bodies with hand crafted metal bands or some type of early wire bands that held them together. These churns originally had names but few today have much documentation to represent them. All of these churns had a wooden stomper, that was constructed with a X at the end of a wooden shaft that agitated the cream when moved up and down.
In the later part of the 1800's Stoneware churns were fairly common. Many of these had a lots to offer with the designs and decorations that were part of there outside coating. Galling numbers was common with these churns. Tin churns were made by a good number of companies around this time and many of these can be found in collections and museums today. One of the most common, I would suspect, was the metal Dazey churns. These, our documentation show, were made in sizes from 1 Gallon to at least 16 gallon types. Most of the larger ones were powered by some external source, other than a hand crank. Some of these older churns had a two handled crank operation, sort of like a bicycle peddle mechanism. There were rocker type churns and many churns that were powered by animals that we have seen. Skin bags were sometimes used by Asian nomad folks to turn their cream into butter just by shaking the skin bags till the butter was formed. The regular quart fruit jar has been a churn for many, just a little cream and a lot of agitation was all that was needed.
Our information shows that soon after the turn of the 1900's, John Dazey was making can openers in the Dallas Texas area at the time. He became acquainted with a fellow that was making glass type churns. Dazey appeared to have purchased this company, referred to as the EZ churn company. Seeing a market for this design in the rural family homes, he soon was trying to find a foundry to make parts for him. Dallas area was not equipped to handle this assignment, we think now, and he soon found St. Louis more able to meet his needs . Soon the Dazey Churn Company of St. Louis MO was found to be a growing company. It is reported in our research that most if not all of the glass type jars used with the Dazey churn of the day was made in Ohio. The first production of Dazey t type churns were a one quart and a two quart, a three quart and a four quart types. These were different as too what was used as document ion on the glass jars. A church window design that contained the company information with a straight bar line under this window was one of the first jar types marketed. The metal top construction was much heavier than later models. The top tapered thread cap that made the contact with the threaded jar design had a tapered at the top of this metal cap. There were no metal top Dazey information other than a 10, 20, 30 , 40 possible implanted on the metal side someplace or on the inside of the handle mechanism that was used to indicate the quart sizes. One other unique part of the jar design was the beveled edge of the jar itself. Making a flat edge and not a rounded or square edge of the jar design. These most likely were manufactured before 1910/12. Soon the design of the jars changed to have a round circle that gave the Dazey Churn Company St. Louis MO. information. The jar edges were curved and the metal and the shoulders of this jar itself were rather square. The threaded cap was now straight up and down design. The markings on the metal remained mostly the same. These are often called Bullseye Churns, and probably manufactured till around the early 1920's. The pat. date on what we call the Slop Shouldered Dazey jars was 14 Feb. 1922. and this design remained the same until the late 1930's. Up till this SS design Dazey churn only 4 type of Quart sizes were made. After the SS came along a six and eight quart sizes were added. Most likely around 1930ish the three quart churn and the one quart churns were discontinued or slowly fazed out in there manufacturing. These years after 1900 in rural America was very good for the hand churn models. Electricity did not really hit the Midwest until around the early 1940's. Hand made churn butter was a daily staple. I as a small boy after 1930 found this to be my weekly job. In the later part of the 1930's a new churn was introduced by Dazey Churn Co. that had a round pair shaped jar with somewhat scalloped sides. On the bottom of the Jar held all of the company information. These units were also famous for its red football designed cover of the metal gears that powered the paddles below. These are reported to have came in 2,4,6,and 8 sizes. These churns were just before the electric models came into being and were not manufactured long. Some of the later types of these had a built in whey strainer on the metal cap part
Whey strainers on Dazey churns were not at first used. Probably around 1920 there was introduced a oval type whey strainer with a removable top. This was soon followed by a rather squarish designed slip in unit that did it job fairly well. Dazey also made many types of Kitchen accessories, can openers, nut cracker, juicers, jar lid removers, bottle cap openers, kitchen scales, baby scales, hand mixers, flower frogs and many many more items. We have gobs of these items in our collection of Dazey items.
The Standard Churn Company of Wapokoneta OH was another major manufacturer of Glass type churns. Similar sizes of the Dazey brands were evident. Several other manufacturers of Butter Churns seemed to call this town home. Standard churns never used raised letters on their jars to identify them selves. Paper labels were used instead and these disappeared with use. I have several types of these in my files. Dazey and Standard Churns used the same threading on their glass jars so that the tops and bottoms were interchangeable so one often finds some combinations of these in our collecting efforts today. Dazey and the Blow Churn company in England were not strangers either and several combinations of their joint efforts are available. Blow churns were made in most of the same sizes that our American churns were made in. An English Quart has a different oz. size than our American Quarts have.
Churns by the name of Taylor were also common in the St. Louis area and are supposed to have been manufactured by one of the Dazey brothers. These were more economical construction and made for competition sales. I have something like 20 + names of churn Companies on files and their are some of these that also used the same thread types as the Dazey and Standard types. The Thomas MFG. Co. Churn of Dayton Ohio is one of these types.
Who's Who in North St. Louis, 1925
Dazey Churn and Manufacturing Company
Located at 4315 Avenue, was founded in 1906 at 2613 North Broadway: moved to the present address and erected building in 1911: incorporated with following officers: N. P. Dazey President; H. L. Polvogt, vice-president; J. P. Dazey, Secretary-Treasurer; has floor space of 82000 square feet; manufactures Dazey hand and electric churns and Dazey "Sharpit" most popular sharpener in use: Agricultural Colleges throughout the United States and foreign countries. Their reputation is based on the fact that over 2,000,000 are in use.
The firm does a large shipping business throughout this country and in foreign countries. It is a guarantee of satisfaction and can be purchased by dealers in all cities of the United States.
The "Genealogy" of glass butter churn jars would indicate that after 1928 the old Square shoulder jars disappeared from the scene and the slopped shoulder jar came in being. The Patented date would indicate that in 1922, Feb. 14th, the new jars came into being.
>From a collection of old "Wards" catalogs the following information was collected:
1914, Cylinder churns, $2.09 were listed, "Bentwood wooden type Churns listed at $4.65, Barrel Churns listed at $2.75, and a small Glass round flat top small screw hand churn listed as the New Home Churn, and Butter Maker was listed for $1.85
1916/17, Glass churns were advertised , as the Lightning Butter Maker in the 1,2,3,and 4 Quart sizes. Prices were $0.95, $1.10, $1.45, $1.75 ranges. Metal barrel churns sold for $3.68 for the 3 Gallon type. Wooden barrel churns sold for $2.45 (Hawthorn) type 3 gallon, Cedar Cylinder Churns (Wooden) sold for $1.98 for the 3 Gallon size.
Square upright metal churns sold for $2.98 up to the 1 1/2 gallon sizes. The Climax Home Churn was a small on that sold for $1.45 and looked like a 1 Gallon size. The Lightning Butter Maker, was glass, Possible as small as a one quart sold for $0.55. Metal round 3 gallon churns called the "Perfection Sanitary Churn was also listed.
1918, Metal Barrel churns were listed at $6.60 for the 5 gallon size. Wooden barrel churns list at $3.75 for the 3 gallon size. The Lighting Butter Maker was listed for $0.95 for the one quart type with a wooden large hole paddle.
1919, Steel Barrel Churns 5 gallon size at $6.95, Hawthorne Hand Barrel Churns at $14.00. Perfection Sanitary Churn at $3.85, and Cedar Cylinder Churns at $3.75 for the 2 gallon types. The lightning Butter Maker, the small gall round 1 quart type at $1.65.
Fall of 1919, The first square shoulder type 1 quart churns appeared in the catalogs at $1.10. 2 Quarts for 1.48, 3 Quarts for 1.79 and the 4 Quart size at $2.15. Metal barrel churns were at $7,50 for the 5 gallon sizes. Modern Dairy equipment Hand Churn at $4.60 for the gallon type and the Perfection Sanitary Churn metal 3 gallon type churn at $4.25. The Cedar Cylinder churns at $3.85 for the 3 gallon size. The Lightning Butter Maker, e quart type was listed at $1.55. The 4 Quart type at $2.15, this had a wooden paddle with large round holes in it.
1921, Steel and wooden barrel churns were listed at $6.05 for the 6 gallon steel and $4.79 for the 6 gallon wooden. The Lightning Butter Maker was listed at $.15 for a two quart and$2.25 for the 4 quart models.
1922, No barrel type churns were listed and the glass square shoulder churns in the 1,2,3,4 quart sizes were listed at $1.19, $1.39, $1.66, $1.89 was the listed prices.
1923, Perfection sanitary Churn was still listed at $4.50 for a 3 gallon type. Metal Barrel Churns at $6.95, and the Hawthorn Wooden Churns, Barrel type at $5.40 for the 6 gallon size. No other cylinder churns were listed. The listing for the 1 thru 4 Quart carried a price tag of $0.99, $1.25, $1.49, $1.60.
1924, No Barrel churns were listed in the catalog, but the 4 Quart types of glass square shoulder churns with metal paddles were listed as the 1 to 4 quart sizes at $0.99, $1.25, $1.49, $1.89 respectively.
1926, Again no Barrel type churns were listed for sale. The 4 Quart Glass square Shoulder types from 1 to 4 Quart sizes were list at: $0.99, $1.39, $1.59, $1.95. (Slowing creeping up in the larger sizes)
1927, Only Glass hand crank model churns were listed. The 1 quart did not appear in this listing and only the 2,4,6 quart sizes were for sale at: $1.29, $1.95, and $2.45 each. This was the first addition of the Slopped shoulder churns on the market that we can find the 6 Quart was never made in the Square shoulder design.
1928, Again only the glass hand churns were available. Now we had an addition: listed were 2,4,6, & 8 quart models. The 2 Quarts sold for $1.29 the 4 Qts for $1.95, the 6 Qts for $2.45 and the 8 Qts for $3.13. This year the individual jars were for sale as replacements for 3 Qts at $0.65, 4 Qts at $0.80, the 6 Qts for $1.00 and the 8 Qt jar alone was $1.85. There were no other churn types listed.
1929, Glass Butter Churns were listed with a choice of Wooden or Aluminum dashers, and each had it own price. The 2,4,6 and 8 Qt sizes were priced as follows: aluminum at 2 Qt at $1.35, 4 Qts at $2.10, the 6 Qts at $2.50 and the 8 Quarts for $3.25. Wooden paddle churns were priced at: $1.29 for the 2 Qt, $1.86 for the 4 Qt size, $$2.38 for the 6 Qt size and $2.98 for the 8 Qt size. Replacement jars were at 2 Qt jars for $0.65, 4 Qts jars at $0.80, 6 Qt jars at$1.00 and the 8 Qt jars list for $1.25.
1930, Wards offered the sloped shoulders for sale this year for the 2,4,6,8 Qt sizes. Prices were at: 2 Qts for $1.45, 4 Qts at $2.25, 6 Qts at $2.65 and 8 Qt sizes at $3.45. No prices for replacement were found on this page.
1931, The same 4 glass churns were available as in the 1930 listings and with the same prices. They did have replacement jars now priced. The 2 Qt jar only was $0.75, 4 Qt jar only was $0.95, and the 6 Qt Jar only was $1.19 and the 8 Qt jar only was $1.45. It is noted that the width of the jar mouth is listed for the 2 Quarts at 4 1/2 inches, 4 quart size 5 inches, 6 Qts size at 5 1/4 inches and the 8 Qt jar mouth size at 5 1/2 inches wide.
1932, Only 4, 6 and 8 quart size glass churns were listed. Metal butter paddles were advertised and the prices for the 3 churns were 4 Qts at $2.25, 6 Qts at $2.65 and the 8 Qts at $3,45. Replacement jars were listed at $0.95 for the 4 Qt and $1.19 for the 6 Qt size and $1.45 for the 8 Qt size jars only. Two Qt jars were also list separately at $0.75. The Price Churns Co. Churns were also listed in this catalog as being made by Dazey and the Taylor churns were also listed and would seem to be also made by the Dazey company in 1934.
1934, Ward churns had a big ad for the new Aluminum paddle. The first used of the cap to drain the buttermilk was advertised. The 2,4,6,8 churns were listed at $1.29, $2.15, $2.55 and $3.20 respectively. The replacement jars were listed at $0.65, $0.80, $$1.00 and $1.30 respectively. This year a Electric Butter churn was listed at $9.95. These were in the 6 Qt jar only and could use from 1 to 4 quarts of cream. These churns can in the 110 volt and a 32 volt types.
1935, Four Glass slopped shoulder jars churns were available this year at: 3 Qt size for $1.19, the 4 Qt size at $2.15, the 6 Qt size churn at #2.65 and the 8 Qt types at $3.20. Replacement jars for these 4 sizes were listed at $0.55, $0.80, $1.00 and $1.30 for the 8 Qts.
1939, The Wyeth Hardware and Manufacturing Co. Listed churns as follows: Dazey churns at 3,4,6,8 Quart sizes with the following prices: $3.31, for three Qt, or $39.75 per dozen for the three quarts. $5.13 each for the 4 Qt sizes churn or $61.65 per dozen for 4 quarts, $6.44 each for the 6 Qts each or $77.25 for per dozen, $7.65 each for 8 Qts or $91.80 per dozen for 8 Qt churns. Dazey listed a Square metal churn and were listed for the small churns for $14.85 to $16.80 for the three churns listed. Glass jars for the small churns were list as $14.80 to $35.00 per dozen. All Dazey churns were reported to be made in Ohio, where the Standard Churn company also made churns.
1946/47, The Wards catalog for these years listed the Pear shaped glass jar with the tented metal top as well as the Electric types. Only the 4 Quart Electric churn at $14.50 and two other churns were list the 4 qt for $2.29 and the 8 Qt for $3.29. There was a listing for a square metal standup churn for the 3,4,6 Gallon sizes but a NOT AVAILABLE STAMP was inserted for a price. The old wooden Cylinder type churns were listed for $6.45 for the 3 gallon model.
This company has been in operation in Wapakoneta Ohio since 1880. the company was incorporated in 1911 under the by laws of the State of Ohio. The officers were listed as Roy C. Haman, President and general manager: S. A. Hoskins, vice-president: W. P. Swink, Secretary: A. A. Klipfel, Treasurer.
>The Standard Churn Co. manufactures churns for butter making, collar and cuff starcher, mixer, etc.: The Standard Barrel Churn, the Ani-Bent Wood churn, the Sunken Lid Dash churn and the "O.K." churns. These are made of most practical woods possible for use in Churning. These churns produce all the butter the cream is capable of producing, owing to it scientific principles.
>These churns are sold all over the world. Large shipments have been made to England, Russia, south America, Canada and all parts of the United States. They do much to advertise Wapakoneta in many countries. In addition the company makes a large line of washing machines farming tool handles, porch swings and lawn seats -- These are sold to the domestic trade - the above article is from the 1916 Chamber of Commerce publication.
So in summary
Early Glass churns were made in 4 sizes, 1,2,3 and 4 quart types. After the mid 1920's the addition of the 6 and 8 quart jar sizes appeared. Horseshoe or Beveled edge jar types were first and then the Bullseye with the square shoulder and the round raised company information on the glass jars. Next came the Slopped shoulder types, the metal tops had a very strait up and down metal grip on the metal crank mechanism, often had a little flower (Daisy) raised on the metal crank side. The slope shoulder churns were supposed to be easier for cleaning and the butter particles did not stick as easily in the upper corners of the jar. After 1936 most of the wooden paddles only had two blades, for it was found that it took the same time for a 4 bladed paddle to churn butter as a two bladed paddle. Replacement jars are believed to have had the imprint of a flower pattern on the bottoms of the jars. There were several different types of strikes of this pattern used. These are fairly rare and are considered to make the churn with this type of jar more expensive.
This is not intended to be a manual on butter churns but a brief overview of some of the information that we have on file. Anyone with a strong interest can contact us at our email address or our regular address with questions and or information that we might be able to add to make this more complete. Names of various churn companies are always welcome, we have a rather large collection of names but we are sure that we are not very complete with this list.
We at Churn Castle Antique are always interested in buying good quality (Glass churn preferred) items. We have a large inventory of many types of churns that are for sale. We buy and sell over the Internet and if there is some special type of churn you are interested in we would like to hear from you. Churns are expensive and getting more so as each year passes. We hope that we might have informed you a little with the above and hope that sometime we might hear from you. Prices of churns are increasing each year and information on prices of particular churns are giving after being contacted.
Churn Castle Antiques
809 Maple Ave.
Woodward Iowa, 50276
515 438 4142
Wendell & Donna Stream
A Churn team sense 1961
updated 7 March 2004